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Finding Balance

Posted at 10:06 am in News by toddsmith

At Todd Smith Fitness we use strength training as an accelerant to looking and feeling your best. We have also expressed that training in a controlled safe environment is of the utmost priority. With that comes making sure our client’s bodies are operating at maximal efficiency. You should not begin a strength training program without addressing muscle imbalances.

When we examine posture from a static or dynamic perspective we can note postural deviations or incorrect movement patterns as effects of muscle imbalances. You see, muscles are always pulling on the skeletal bones they attach, and muscles work in a synchronized manner to produce movement of the body. When one or more of these muscles are either overactive or inactive in a given movement we call this a muscle imbalance.

There are many common imbalances we find the general population: the shoulder girdle, Rotator cuff, low-back and pelvic girdle, quadriceps to hamstring ratio, just to name a few. Many of these imbalances can be seen in static posture.

In static posture we see overactive, shortened muscle pulling the body out of alignment while at the same time the opposing muscles are under activated, over stretched. This may also give you the sensation that the under activated muscle feels “tight” when in reality it is tight because it is already over stretched.  We see a great example of this imbalance at the shoulder joint. Many people, in a static posture, will have their shoulders rounded forward while relaxed. This is a sign of a muscle imbalance. Muscles that pull the humerus or upper  arm forward such as the pectoralis major, pectoralis minor and the anterior deltoid are over activated shortened and usually stronger in relation to their opposing muscles of the posterior shoulder girdle and back. At Todd Smith Fitness we work to correct this imbalance by strengthening and shortening those muscle fibers of the posterior shoulder girdle and back. By strengthening the posterior deltoid, lower trapezius, rhomboids and latissimus dorsi we can develop a more balanced shoulder position. In some cases, dynamic and static stretches of the anterior shoulder can help accelerate the process. When we begin to correct these muscle imbalances we start to find better posture.